Tuesday, February 12, 2013

Just To Know: Bendable Microprocessors & What Does This Mean For You?

A Microprocessor That Can BeNd

At the "International Solid-State Circuits Conference", in San Francisco, European researchers the worlds first microprocessor made with a organic semiconductor. Now a semiconductor is a solid material that has electrical conductivity (transmission ability either heat, electricity, or sound) between that of a conductor and an insulator (which prevents or reduces the passage of heat, electricity, or sound.)

This is a 4000-transistor (a small low-powered solid-state electronic device consisting of a semiconductor and at least three electrodes (conductor through which electricity flows), used as an amplifier and rectifier (an electronic device that converts alternating current to direct current) and frequently incorporated into integrated circuit chips).

It is a 8-bit logic circuit , and has the processing power of only a 1970-era silicon model, and can bend.

This is 25-micrometer-thick chip starts with a substrate made from polyethylene naphthalate a plastic. Comparable to material that you use to wrap your sandwiches, and it is  very flexible. It also has  a 25-nanometer-thick layer of gold, patterned to make the circuit. 

Above that sits an organic dielectric, followed by a second patterned gold layer, and finally the organic semiconductor, made of Pentacene; this is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon 
consisting of five straight-fused benzene rings. This highly conjugated compound is an organic semiconductor. The compound generates excitons upon absorption of ultra-violet (UV) or visible light; this makes it very sensitive to oxidation which is like when your aple turns brown or a penny turns green. 


Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) is a potent atmospheric pollutant, it consists of fused aromatic rings and do not contain heteroatoms (a heteroatom (Greek heteros, different, + atomos) is any atom that is not carbon or hydrogen.) or carry substituents ( atom, radical, or group substituted for another in a chemical compound).
As a pollutant, they are of concern because some compounds have been identified as: 

  • Carcinogenic: Any substance, radionuclide, or radiation  directly involved in causing cancer. Several radioactive substances are considered carcinogens, but their carcinogenic activity is attributed to the radiation, for example gamma rays and alpha particles, which they emit. Common examples of non-radioactive carcinogens are inhaled asbestos, certain dioxins, and tobacco smoke.

  •   Teratogenic: Greek τέρας teras, meaning monster or marvel. Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development. Like human birth defects, also non-birth developmental stages, even puberty; other non-human life forms, like plants. 


These are just suspected or are known to be teratogenic in humans and in animals. 

A selected few include:

Drugs/Medications: Tobacco, caffeine, drinking alcohol (ethanol)

Infections: Cytomegalovirus, herpes virus, parvovirus B19, rubella virus (German measles), syphilis, toxoplasmosis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus.
 (An easy way to remember maternal infections is TORCH: Toxoplasmosis, Other agents, Rubella, CMV and HSV.)

PAHs are also found in cooked foods. Studies have shown that high levels of PAHs are found, for example, in meat cooked at high temperatures such as grilling or barbecuing, and in smoked fish. They are also found in the interstellar medium, in comets, and in meteorites and are a candidate molecule to act as a basis for the earliest forms of life.

However, the organic microprocessor built is still not busting through the upper limits of Moore’s Law; this tiny, flexible, 25-micrometer-thick microprocessors could lead to better and cheaper flexible displays and sensors that can be embedded into just about anything, from clothing to construction materials to foods or pharmaceuticals.

What Is Moore's Law?

Moore's law, dictates the amount of computing power you can put into the same space, and will double every 18  months.

Moore’s Law is finally breaking down, the law that says the number of transistors that can be fit on a computer chip will double every two years, resulting in periodic increases in computing power.

When Thinking About Moore's Law Think About This

Buy a new computer, take it home and see an advertisement for a new computer, better than yours, that sucks huh?
If you're the kind of person who needs to have the fastest, most powerful machine, you are compelled to get that new one. 

This is greed, and leading to Moore's law being pushed 

making it, obsolete.

Just To Know Simple Fact
Quantum computers can efficiently render every physically possible quantum environment, even when vast numbers of universes are interacting. Quantum computation is a qualitatively new way of harnessing nature, Quantum computers, have the potential to solve problems that would take a classical computer longer than the age of the universe.

A computer made up of all the energy in the entire known universe (that is, within the visible “horizon” of forty-two billion light-years) can store about 1092 bits of information and can perform 10105 computations/second.

Some say the universe itself is considered a quantum computer

What Is A Microprocessor?

Miniature electronic device that contains the arithmetic, logic, and control circuitry needed to function as a digital computer's CPU. Microprocessors are integrated circuits that can interpret and execute program instructions as well as handle arithmetic operations. Their development in the late 1970s enabled computer engineers to develop microcomputers.
Microprocessors led to “intelligent” terminals, such as bank ATMs and point-of-sale devices, and to automatic control of much industrial instrumentation and hospital equipment, programmable microwave ovens, and electronic games. Many automobiles use microprocessor-controlled ignition and fuel systems.
*Learn More On Computers*

Reflecting on this article, I have to ask you the readers this question, not only is it nice to have a bendable phone, and it doesn't break, but now you see the development of technology and how it is always expanding, causing us the consumers to constantly buy more and more, seeking more space, faster speed, better performance, etc.

In fact your allowing the non-organic machine to grow faster than your organic machine which is your brain.

Think About It, It's Just To Know, Its Only Your Knowledge